QUOTE(jennthesaxplayer @ Aug 13 2007, 04:34 PM)
ABRSM Grade 7 practice paper, 2006: Pg 16, Q5:
C) an imperfect cadence in C major - where is this!
If you look at the extract, despite the fact that it has 3 flats it doesn't start in Eb majot, or C minor - look at the accidentals in the first three bars and you'll see that it starts in C major. So what you are looking for is an imperfect cadence - this is any chord followed by a V chord, so while the extract stays in C major look for a chord V and then the chord which precedes it - it's a very basic imperfect cadence in this extract.
D) a place where the violas have to play an open string - how can you tell the viola is meant to be playing in this way, from the score?
I always think this is a very easy one. The only note that a string instrument has absolutely got to play as an open string is the lowest note in its range, so you just look for the lowest note of the viola's range
identify the chords marked * in bar 15... I got G minor, in Eb Major
Afraid I didn't get the same as you - that doesn't mean you're wrong though, I might have been wrong. I didn't have Eb major for the key either, again it might be me who's wrong. However, G minor is chord III in Eb major, and although this isn't impossible, it's more likely to be a simpler chord, particularly as we know the extract is Beethoven, therefore classical and more likely (but not inevitably) to be a primary triad. And also, there's an Eb in the chord (Clarinet in Bb is playing an F, which is an Eb at concert pitch), which makes it unlikely to be G minor.
F) Describe fully the numbered and bracketed harmonic intervals sounding at concert pitch - what does this mean??
1 The interval is between the Horn note and the viola note. The Horn is a transposing instrument so work out what the note is at concert pitch, then work out what the viola note is, and work out the interval
2 the notes are played by the Clarinet in Bb and the Bassoon. Clarinet is a transposing instrument so work out the concert pitch. Bassoon is already playing at concert and is in bass clef, so easy to work out what the note is, then work out the interval between the two.
I've done all the 2006 papers so I can help with the rest of them for questions 4 and 5 if you need help, but please don't blindly accept that I am right. Check it all out for yourself, that's the way you'll learn. Although you'll get loads of info and help from the harmony books about chords and recognising them they won't give so much help with things that are specifically insturmental - like the ranges of instruments, whether they are reed instruments, names of instruments in other languages. Use the Dolmetsch website, or the AB Guides to music theory, or just Google things - I've found a lot of useful info that way. I'm happy to help via the forums, and then other people can help too, or if you prefer to PM me I'm happy to do that too.